Boiler
To bring the commercial sector into line with changes to the domestic market, the Government is proposing to make condensing boilers obligatory for all new build and replacement work from January 2006.

The challenge facing the commercial-boiler industry

PAUL MASSEY is concerned that the commercial-boiler industry is being called on to convert to condensing-only technology too quickly and that the existing Part L2 consultation document overlooks vital issues.

All change for reduced emissions

The key to reducing carbon emissions from boiler plant is efficient boilers in well designed systems. STEVE HILLS explores the issues in the context of the revised Part L of the Building Regulations.

Modern boilers have a very low water content, making them very vulnerable to accumulated deposits causing boiler failure. The 100 kW version of MHS Boiler’s UltraMax WM range contains just 10.3 litres of water. The benefits, however, include an efficiency in excess of 109.5%, NOx emissions of less than 34 mg/kWh and a matched modulating premix burner with a turndown ratio of 5:1. Up to eight UltraMax WM boilers can be linked using the KKM boiler cascade manager.

Why water treatment is the key to longer boiler life

PETER GAMMON explains why a programme of water treatment is so important for modern low-water-content boilers.

Cover
An insight into the use of glazed façades on buildings is provided by a new publication and CD-ROM from CIBSE.

Responding to the challenges of glazed façades

Architects like glazed façades on commercial buildings, but how can aesthetics and environmental performance be combined? KAI LIM has the answers.

graph
A variable-speed drive on a burner motor rapidly reduces its running costs as the burner output is reduced. This graph is for a 5.5 kW motor and electricity costing 5 p/kWh.

Using variable-speed drives to reduce combustion costs

SHARON KULIGOWSKI reviews the benefits of fitting inverters to burners and their place in the specifier’s energy-efficiency toolkit.

Making off-site production work

While the factory end of off-site production (prefabrication) is a smooth processes, there are many on-site issues to be considered. MARCUS DICKS explains.

Ormandy
There are very few building projects that could not benefit from some elements of prefabrication, such as packaged plant rooms to skid mounted assemblies such as pumps and pipework.

Combining the benefits of partnering and off-site manufacture

PAUL COOPER shares his views as an off-site manufacturer of the wider issues addressed by the concept.

Chart
This free psychrometric chart from JS Humidifiers has a wipe-clean surface so that it can be used many times.

Multi-use psychrometric chart

Psychrometric charts with a wipe-clean reusable surface are available free from JS Humidifiers. These A3 charts can be kept on the desk ready for immediate use.

The charts can be used to size humidification systems by plotting required moisture levels against given temperatures.

Readers can obtain a copy by telephone or e-mail.

sales@jshumidifiers.com

Tel. 01903 850200

Keston
Designed to serve underfloor heating and combining boiler, hot-water cylinder and electrical services is the Keston Duet rig designed for a large housing project.

Keston designs rig for housing services

Individually designed rigs built by Keston for a large housing project combine a boiler, hot-water cylinder, underfloor heating panels and mains transformers, including electrical switchings for domestic appliances.

skid

Rycroft’s pre-fabrication skills take to the high seas

As examples of the space-saving benefits of prefabricated equipment, skid-mounted units supplied by Rycroft for six Royal Navy destroyers are the ultimate. Not only is a multitude of equipment packed into the minimum footprint, but all components are accessible from the front for ease of servicing.

pipework
Over 200 prefabricated services modules supplied by MEP solution for a London refit achieved significant savings in installation time.

Contractor enjoys prefabrication benefits for the first time

Prefabricated services modules have saved one week per floor in installation time in a refit of three floors of 10 Exchange Square in the City of London. Phil Mardle, construction manager with M&E contractor Bancroft Group, says, ‘This was our first exercise in the use of off-site prefabricated services in this manner, and we therefore used it on a fairly limited scale. We will almost certainly, however, expand the scope of its use on future projects.’

CHP plant
Accompanying the upgrading of electric heating systems in sheltered homes in Woking to gas condensing boilers is the supply of electricity from fuel-cell CHP units.

Condensing boilers feature in Woking heating upgrade

The £1.4 million contract to upgrade heating in sheltered homes throughout Woking has been awarded to BTU Heating. The project is part of Woking Borough Council’s climate-change strategy and phase 5 of the local community energy system.

Boiler
This 30 kW high-efficiency condensing boiler system is one of a range of six models from Glow-worm to have achieved SEDBUK A rating.

Glow-worm boilers reach top efficiency rating

Glow-worm’s range of domestic high-efficiency condensing boilers have achieved SEDBUK A rating. There are six models in the range.

Allen Gears
Efficient heating that was easy to install in a 3-storey office building in Pershore is provided by three Vaillant 22 kW condensing boilers.

Stepping up a gear with Vaillant boilers

Three Vaillant high-efficiency condensing boilers with a total output of 66 kW have been used to update the heating system in the offices of Allen Gears, part of the Rolls Royce Group, at Pershore in Worcestershire.

Boiler
Up to eight Clyde CG wall-hung boilers can be cascaded to deliver outputs of 1440 kW.

Boilers designed for ease and flexibility of installation

The CG range of wall-hung commercial boilers from Clyde Combustions can be installed virtually anywhere in a building thanks to an integral flue fan that can deliver a pressure of up to 250 Pa. To simplify plant-room planning, all models have a common jacket width of 453 mm.

Biomass boiler
Fuelled by locally produced wood pellets, this Talbott boiler in a Cheshire primary school will be carbon neutral.

Biomass boiler in school will be carbon neutral

Locally sourced biomass will fuel a new heating boiler in a Cheshire school to provided heating and domestic hot water. The 50 kW Talbott boiler at Kingsmead Primary School burns processed wood pellets, and the aim is to move to locally produced wood chips later.

Pullmans

New platform for oil-fired boilers

Heating for three Pullman railway carriages that provide accommodation at The Old Railway Station at Petworth in Surrey is provided by a Grant oil-fired boiler. Each of the six en-suite bedrooms has its own entrance from the platform, and the station’s waiting room and ticket office are the breakfast room and lounge. The space-saving multi-pass boiler is in a plant room at the end of the platform and delivers low NOx emissions and clean combustion.

Oyster hatchery
To provide a better breeding environment for oysters at this hatchery in Kent, Keston has supplied a wall-mounted boiler fuelled by LPG.

Pearl of a boiler for oyster hatchery

The production of oysters from the Old Roman Oyster Beds at Reculver, Herne Bay, is expected to increase output. Each female oyster can produce 20 to 80 million ‘eggs’. When they are three months old they are sent to oyster farms and are ready for the plate.

Condensate-pumping system

A unit to remove condensate from boilers which cannot be drained by gravity is offered by Saniflow. The Sanicondens measures about 28 x 18 x 13 cm; it accumulates up to 1.8 l of condensate and periodically pumps it away to drain.

Viessman
The stainless-steel heat exchanger in Viessmann’s Vitocrossal 300 condensing boiler achieves a service life equal to or better than conventional boilers.

High efficiency with low emissions

NOx emissions from Viessmann’s Vitocrossal 300 condensing boiler are lower than the stringent German Blue Angel requirements. The stainless-steel heat exchanger is said to have a service life equal to or better than conventional boilers and deliver an efficiency up to 98% gross.

Boiler rig
110 kW condensing boilers from Keston can be installed in a wall-hung rig and provide two different flow temperatures.

Keston boilers deliver two temperatures at the same time

Two ranges of wall-hung modulating gas-fired condensing condensing boilers from Keston have two pairs of flow and return tappings for separate connection to heating and DHW circuits. They can deliver two different flow temperatures at the same time to serve, for example, a fast-recovery indirect cylinder and underfloor heating.

Towards better-run buildings

The news that the Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers and the British Institute of Facilities Managers are to co-operate to develop and promote excellence in facilities-management practice marks the much-needed breaking down of barriers between the various disciplines that are involved in the design, construction and operation of buildings (page 5).

Issues on the boil

The powers that regulate the construction industry and make the legislation that it has to respond to often seem to be out of touch with reality. Our feature on boilers that are at the heart of heating systems for buildings bears testimony to this.

signing
CIBSE president Graham Manly (front left) and BIFM chairman Mick Dalton (front right) sign a memorandum of understanding aimed at promoting excellence in facilities-management practice. Also in the picture are CIBSE chief executive Julian Amey (back left) and BIFM chief executive Ian Fielder.

Professional bodies work to improve services in buildings

Better understanding of the interaction between the design of services for buildings and their operation is signalled by an agreement between The Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers and the British Institute of Facilities Management.

HVCA welcomes building logbooks

The Heating & Ventilating Contractors’ Association has welcomed the requirement in revised terms of Part L2 of the Building Regulations that a building logbook must be provided for every new and refurbished building in England and Wales. They must also be prepared when ‘controlled services’ such as heating and air-conditioning equipment is upgraded or replaced.

Tour Andover Controls becomes a major international force

Andover Controls and TAC have merged to become Tour Andover Controls, a global operator in building automation and security with an expected turnover for 2004 of £363 million.

New construction work maintains growth pattern

The total volume of new construction work in the year to the third quarter of 2004 rose by 7% compared to the previous 12-month period and was 1% higher in the third quarter than the previous quarter, according to figures from the Department of Trade & Industry — despite a 12% fall in infrastructure orders for the 12 months.

Ideal
The way we were — inspectors check cast-iron boiler sections in the early days of Ideal Stelrad, which commemorates its centenary this year.

Ideal Stelrad looks forward to bumper centenary year

Ideal Stelrad’s centenary year, 2005, is destined to be very special, says John Colling (group marketing director) and Martin Smith (UK sales director of parent company Caradon Plumbing).

ACE backs London 2012 Olympic bid

ACE, the Association for Consultancy & Engineering, has backed London’s bid to host the Olympic and Paralympic Games in 2012.

Efficient Air

Efficient Air looks to new horizons

Efficient Air has moved from Eastbourne to a recently converted mill in Uckfield. Managing director Darren Bryant explains, ‘Our intention is to convince more and more large organisations which consume most of the 22% of UK energy used by electric motors driving fans that there are real savings to be made.’

Simpson's

Air conditioning adds to new restaurant ambience

Contributing to the classification by Waitrose’s Food Illustrated magazine of this new Simpson’s restaurants on Highfield Road in Edgbaston as a ‘sassy, grown-up restaurant’ is air-conditioning provided by Mitsubishi VRF City Multi equipment. McDowall Air Conditioning specified a 20 hp Big Y outdoor unit to serve 15 wall-mounted indoor units providing 54 kW of heating and 51 kW of cooling, via a 2-pipe system.

Lowry

Inviron maintains its links with The Lowry

Inviron Facilities Management & Service has won a long-term manned-maintenance contractor for The Lowry at Salford Quays in Greater Manchester. The contract marks a progression from a ‘mobile’ maintenance contract that has been renewed every year over the last four years. It was won in competitive tender, and Inviron’s bid was considerably enhanced by its in-depth knowledge of the site and its previous performance.

Toshiba Air Conditioning strengthens UK sales channels

Toshiba has signed two new major distribution agreements. One is with AMP, which has offices in Welwyn Garden City, Bristol and Bournemouth. The other is with Cool Designs, based in the north east. Both are experienced companies with reputations for supporting consulting engineers and major contractors.

tin man
Fabricators at the new Liverpool Ductshop of Senior Hargreaves put the finishing touches to a stainless-steel Tin Man symbolising a charitable links with a local children’s hospital.

Tin Man symbolises heart of charitable link

To celebrate the opening of its new Liverpool Ductshop last month, Senior Hargreaves has set up a charitable link with Alder Hey Children’s Hospital. To symbolise the relationship, the company has created a Tin Man, which will be a key feature in a themed garden at the hospital.

Mowlem maintains New Look

A 3-year maintenance contract for the 520 stores in the UK and Ireland of fashion retailer New Look has been awarded to Mowlem Technical Services.

chp
This mini-CHP installation at BSRIA using a Baxi Technologies DACHs unit is expected to lead to the preparation of a industry guide on installing mini-CHP into existing buildings.

CHP at BSRIA shows the way to retrofitting

BSRIA has installed a mini-CHP (combined heat and power) system to serve its buildings in Bracknell. Fuelled by natural gas, the DACHs unit generates 5.5 kW of electricity and 12.5 kW of heat. The installation includes a condenser to recover additional heat from the exhaust of the CHP engine. It was supplied and commissioned by Baxi Technologies.

Health centre
Advanced control for advanced health care — Trend building management systems are to be used in a number of health-care centres being operated by GSL. This health centre is at Church Road in London’s East End.

Novar Trend lifts standard of control in NHS primary-care centres

The long-term perspective taken by critical-services-support-provider GSL for new ‘one-stop’ health centres being built under the NHS’s LIFT initiative has resulted in the specification of Novar Trend equipment to provide a standard approach to BMS.

College
While designed to minimise the need for both heating and air conditioning, the new Resources Building of the Isle of Wight College require a number of air-conditioning approaches — many of which are provided by Toshiba VRF systems.

Air conditioning is a flexible resource

Flexible cooling and heating for a new college building on the Isle of Wight designed around an atrium to minimise the need for air conditioning is provided by Toshiba VRF and split systems.

Bar

The real story behind good news about passive smoking

When researchers from the Sunday Mirror discovered how low the passive-smoking effect was in this wine bar in Folkestone compared with others nationwide, they failed to note the reason — three Honeywell air cleaners to remove smoke, volatile organic compounds, dust, smoke, allergens and other pollutants. The report in the newspaper said, ‘For some reason, Harvey’s Wine Bar fared better than the rest. Several friends did their best to blow smoke in my face during our visit, but the reading “only” registered the equivalent of one cigarette in three hours.’ The effect was less than a third of other typical ‘smoking’ bars visited.

Cyclone filtration protects chilled-water systems

The closed-circuit cooling system in the Bishops Square office development in Spitalfields, London, is protected by CSF sidestream filtration units featuring Cobra cyclone separators. The sophisticated automatic control systems in the chilled-water air-conditioning systems of this 74 700 m2 office complex dictate that system cleanliness is paramount.

Cranfield tests confirm effectiveness of zinc water treatment on limescale

A 80% reduction of limescale on heating surfaces has been achieved following the testing of an installation of WaterMatic’s KalGuard+ electrolytic scale inhibitors at Cranfield. This new scale inhibitor is based on the company’s proven zinc-anode electrolytic design and incorporates electronic controls to precisely match the levels of zinc to the hardness of the water. Testing was carried out in parallel with extensive field trials in commercial and industrial applications and found to control limescale in numerous areas with very hard water.

Moor House
Every luminaire and blind in the 19-storey Moor House development in the City of London can be individually addressed, if required, by a Simmtronics control system.

Simmtronic provides flexible control in Moor House

Every luminaire in the 19-storey 3000 m2 Moor House development in the City of London can be addressed from a central supervisory computer, which also provides for local controls to be added to meet exact tenant requirements.

water heaters
Rinnai Infinity water heaters are reducing costs and delivering continuous supplies of hot water at constant preset temperatures at a holiday park in Somerset.

Direct water heaters deliver 20% energy savings

Energy savings of nearly 20% in the provision of hot water for a holiday park in Somerset have been achieved following the installation of Rinnai Infinity continuous-flow water heaters to replace a 12-year-old storage system.

Controls
At the heart of an 80% improvement in the energy consumption of the heating system at a youth centre in Devon are Honeywell CM67 programmable controllers.

Upgraded heating cuts fuel bills by 80%

Gas bills for a youth centre in Devon have been cut by 80% following an upgrade of the heating systems, including the installation of Honeywell controls. The savings amount to nearly £300 a year, and the electricity bill has also been reduced.

Call centre completes progressive installation of VRF air conditioning

The staged installation of a Fujitsu VRF air-conditioning system in a 1020 m2 call centre for Cox Insurance has now been completed. The VRF system serves cellular offices. There are also a number of Multi-type split air conditioners in open-plan areas, with up to four indoor units served by one outdoor unit.

condensing unit
Heat-rejection capacities from 30 to 450 kW are provided by Airedale’s Ultima Compact condensing units optimised for R407C.

Airedale’s compact condensing units offer larger capacities

With cooling capacities from 30 to 450 kW, Airedale’s Ultima Compact range of condensing units offer up to three times the capacity of the company’s existing range.

rig
Steam in, hot water out — Rycroft SteamBreeze units provide a neat interface between a steam main and heating or hot-water applications.

From steam to hot water

Rycroft’s SteamBreeze provides an interface between an existing steam main and DHW or heating systems. Based on stainless-steel plate heat exchangers, the standard range provides for heat loads up to 1.1 MW, which in DHW services can provide a flow of 5 l/s.

Filters
The collection, recycling and safe and legal disposal of air filters is a new service for its customers from Jasun Filtration.

Disposal service for air filters

Jasun Filtration has introduced a disposal service for air filters to relieve its customers of this task. The company is registered to carry and dispose of waste and has engaged a specialist team to be responsible for the collection, recycling and, if necessary, the safe and legal disposal of its filters.

Relays
Earth-fault current protection for conductors protected by devices of up to 800 A is provided by electronic relays from Hager.

Earth-leakage relays

Electronic earth-fault relays introduced by Hager provide earth-fault current protection for conductors protected by devices of up to 800 A.

Plastics ball valves have time and cost benefits

A plastics-based alternative to metal ball valves for chilled-water applications is available from Durapipe. The EV valve is of ABS construction and supplied with EDPM seals. It is available in sizes from 1/2 to 2 in or 20 to 63 mm with solvent-weld socket or BSP threaded ends.

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