Unlocking a sustainable future with EnergiVault®
A unique and innovative energy storage solution is ready to deliver cost savings for customers and support the global decarbonisation of cooling for industrial processes and commercial buildings.
The patented EnergiVault® from Organic Heat Exchangers Ltd (O-HX) is now undergoing full trials following installation at a pharmaceutical facility in the north-east of England, where it has been integrated with an existing chilled water system.
The bolt-on cold thermal energy storage (CTES) system adds a range of capabilities to industrial and commercial chiller operation, including electrical load shedding and load shifting, use of on-site generated renewables and the capability to benefit from grid-level support payments. O-Hx calculates that by operating EnergiVault® alongside an existing chiller installation, savings of up to 69% can be realised against site cooling costs, with up to 64% reduction of CO₂ emissions.
Demand for cooling is increasing rapidly, driven by factors including climate change and the growth of urban areas. A report from The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) estimates that global sales of air conditioning and refrigeration units will reach 460 million by 2030, compared to 336m in 2018. Environmental incubator and accelerator 350 PPM estimates that cooling accounts for 25-30% of global electricity consumption and 10% of global emissions.
EnergiVault® consists of a charger and thermal battery. The charger’s ice crystalliser charges the battery by converting up to 60% of the building's heat transfer fluid (HTF), typically a water/glycol mix, into spherical ice crystals a fraction of a mm in diameter, each surrounded by a film of organic material. This ice slurry acts as the phase change material (PCM), resulting in a massive increase of the surface area over which the thermal transfer takes place. The thermal battery is an insulated container, available in capacities up to 1MWh capacity units which are fully modular to meet demand. It has very high discharge rates, unlike solid ice technologies, and unlimited charge-discharge cycles, with zero battery degradation.
Using the cloud-based optimisation engine ensures peak savings in electricity and carbon. The battery is 'charged' by the refrigeration system using off-peak electricity, or locally generated renewable power, and then drawn down for use during high-tariff periods. Time of Use shifting is one of EnergiVault’s scalable control strategies, which allow integration with existing systems and live external data, enabling chiller optimisation, high and low heat grade heat recovery and solar PV (local energy generation).
In addition to accessing electricity at its cheapest, the optimisation engine also enables EnergiVault® to take advantage of periods of low carbon intensity on the grid, when more of the power is produced from renewable sources, resulting in reduced impact on the environment.
O-Hx estimates a payback on investment of 1.8 years for EnergiVault® when used alongside an existing chiller installation, or 1.5 years if bought instead of an additional chiller, once purchase, operation and maintenance costs are taken into account. It was founded in 2016 by Bob Long, a mechanical engineer with more than 45 years’ experience in refrigeration and thermal energy management.